Thinking to fabricate a building or a construction site is not easy. But professionals take less time to construct one before the non-professional acts. As per the types of construction building, all the other construction plans are made. Without knowing or understanding, you can’t plan to frame your own construction. Most people don’t know that there are other forms of building construction without solid concrete houses. Even the materials of each type look the same. But in reality, those have pretty differences and dissimilarities. Perhaps, defining the quality, cost, and the purposes of use- the building elements (architecture, walls, floors, and roof) are being chosen.

Depending on the building categories, there are major five types of construction buildings in Australia. Buildings can be classified into five different types of construction: fire-resistive, non-combustible, ordinary, heavy timber, and wood-framed. In addition to defining different types of construction projects, those are used for residential building, industrial, commercial and heavy civil construction. So, let’s make it easier for you to understand all those top major types of construction buildings in Australia.

Top 5 Major Types of Construction Building in Australia

Most people don’t pay attention to building an infrastructure according to maintaining the building code. But as a construction contractor or construction manager, one should be more deliciated with all those facts during a construction site project. Different requirements should be adopted where the necessity come even; they should have keen eyes for observing those details. Here is the list of significant types of construction buildings in Australia.

Type I Construction: Fire-resistive  

On our top list, we choose fire-resistive building type. This category applies in high rise buildings or for commercial spaces. Also, includes apartment buildings, corporate offices and hotels in the classification of fire-resistive building sites. Over 80 feet tall buildings are specified as the type of fire-resistive construction. The structural parts of this construction type are made with steel and concrete as the primary elements. Usually, those components offer to reduce the possibility of any fire effects under the fire-resistive protection system. Those types of buildings are designed to resist high temperatures for an extended period. All the walls, floors, roofs, and inside partitions are carefully assembled with grade steels, concrete and non-resistive materials. Each of the models is pursued under building codes for a specific type of construction. The Steel framing protects or insulates from spreading fire, and those buildings are full of safe evacuation by securing stairwells, emergency exits and fire extinguishers. These features make these buildings extremely durable, but construction costs are really expensive to maintain. 

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Type II Construction: Non-Combustible 

Non-combustible buildings contain non-flammable walls, partitions, columns, floors and roofs to get extra protection from fire and any other heating issues. Such structures are super protective, and those have fire suppression systems. Often those buildings are covered with a fire-resistive coating, paints and highly prone to collapse. Typically, this structure contains metal floors and metal roofs with masonry or tilt-slab walls, including bolted, riveted or welded and more. Commercial constructions like shopping malls, educational institutions, school buildings, and renovated trade buildings are mainly under non-combustible construction types. This non-combustible construction type is susceptible to increase distortion and help to relax the steel frames, which may cause collapse during heavy explosions. You will find vast similarities between the fire-resistive buildings and non-combustible constructions. But in the case of determining the fire resistance duration, then non-combustible should not be the first choice. Moreover, those buildings’ interior partitions are constructed with non-combustible or approved limited combustible materials.

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Type III Construction: Ordinary Home

Ordinary construction sites are formed to build with the structural elements in interior design, which are combustible. The external walls are non-combustible under some conditions. Basically, the horizontal distinction of ordinary buildings has high resistance to fire effects. Tiny houses, stores and super shops are the classifications under this construction category. Ordinary buildings are divided into subordinate types of protective and unprotective forms, as upper types are very costly and time-consuming. Those buildings are conducted with stonework or wooden structure along with combustible interior structures. Often those building fabrications demand two or three floors of foundation in height. The floor furnishes are usually done by woods, plywood or mix-composition board, and related materials such as steel joists and natural sand tiles are also on the list.

Type IV Construction: Heavy Timber 

Heavy timber framings differ from traditional or concert constructions. Such construction type is very well built and has a longevity of up to 200 years without minor renovations as the beams and girders are solid and thick. Sometimes laminated woods are being used to get extra protection, and the heavy timbers are very effective against the slow resistance of fire. It will help to burn slowly to escape from any unwanted fire alarming situation. This type of buildings is primarily used for praying or convention halls, factories and government projects. Using large portions of lumber, metal plates and bolts to build the structure. The heavy timber construction is made for specific dimensional tasks adding that structural wood supports such as columns, beams, and girders where must be 10 inches thick and solid. Along with that, there should have 6 inches of thickness in heavy planks, roofs and floors. Those components will lower the risk of building collision.
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Type V Construction: Wood-Frame 

This type is the only category of onsite fabrication that allows ignitable external walls, exterior walls, and interior combustible structures. The wooden or relevant frames can be troublesome for the fire safety members. All the frames, walls, floors and anything related to frame the structure is entirely or partially made out of wood. Commonly this type of construction category is used for building outdoor houses, restaurants, Single-family residential homes and farmhouses. Though it is a lightweight construction, the risk of any natural disasters or fire breakout is very high to describe. Such building or house constructions have low inherent fire resistance, and they can break down within a minute when fire or any natural climate breaks out. Wood frame constructions are very budget efficient, but because of the low steam of fire ratings, in most cases, there are huge limitations barriers to adjusting the setbacks of the adjacent properties.

Final Terms

Till now, we have gotten to construct some of the major types of construction buildings. In Australia, you will find many contractors who have the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) qualification and certificates in the Building and Construction industry. As an experienced house maker, you can consult with them to know more in detail and make your dream house to build and learn more about the construction industry.